Marriage as Alliance Between Patriclans or Btwn Matriclans
Posted: Posted November 28th, 2018 by chiarizio
According to classical cultural anthropology, when a culture’s kinship system is predominately patrilateral — that is, the named multi-generation kingroups are all patriclans consisting of father-to-son patrilines — marriage is frequently seen as an alliance between the groom’s patriline and the bride’s patriline.
And this alliance is perceived as valuable.
Sometimes, therefore, grooms are expected to, if possible, marry “a girl just like the girl that married dear old dad”; or, at least, to marry a bride from the groom’s mother’s patriclan.
There might be several suitable female relatives from his mother’s patriline.
For instance, his MBD (Mother’s Brother’s Daughter), who is a first-cousin, is of his own generation and likelyish to be closeish to his age.
Or, his MBSD (MB Son’s D), his first-cousin-once-removed descending, who will be a generation younger than him, but possibly not too much younger in years, if his MB is older than his M, and his MBS is not too much younger than his M, or at least is enough older than the groom himself.
Or, his MBSSD, his first-cousin-twice-removed descending; quite likely to be much younger than the groom. But since there are RL societies where a man’s average age at first marriage is 42, but a woman’s average age at marriage is 14, this could actually happen, I think. (OTOH if it does actually happen IRL, I don’t know it!)
Possibly, the groom’s patriline may maintain alliances with two other patrilines. Maybe men from the groom’s patriline take turns marrying brides from those other two patrilines.
So grooms may be expected to marry women from the patriline of their FFW (Father’s Father’s Wife = Father’s M), rather than their FW=M.
Again there could be several categories of female relatives who might be satisfactory.
The first might be his FMBD; a first-cousin-once-removed ascending. She’s much likelier to be older than him, than younger. This might go along with systems such as some in Tibet and Nepal and the Himalayas, where brides who have attained puberty may have pre-pubescent husbands.
A second possibility is his FMBSD, a second-cousin. She’d stand a good chance of being close to his age.
A third possibility might be his FMBSSD, a 2nd-cousin-once-removed descending; likely to be younger than the groom, although it’s at least even money that she’s not so young she could be his daughter.
And then there’s his FMBSSSD, a 3rd-coz-twice-removed descending.
Or maybe the groom’s patriline rotate every generation among three other patrilines.
Then the groom would be encouraged/expected to marry a woman from his FFM’s patriline.
Such as his FFMBD, a 1st-coz-twice-removed ascending. She’d probably be significantly older than him.
Or his FFMBSD, a 2nd-coz-once-removed ascending, still likely to be older, but not as likely, and not as many years older.
Or his FFMBSSD, a 3rd-cousin.
Or his FFMBSSSD, a 3rd-coz-once-removed descending, likelyish to be youngerish.
Or his FFMBSSSSD, a 3rd-coz-twice-removed descending, quite likely to be considerably younger.
There are 13 Replies
Reply to: Marriage as Alliance Between Patriclans or Btwn Matriclans